Border Patrol Abuse Since 2010

 

32 Killed by Customs and Border Protection
(as of October 20, 2014)

2010

 

1. Jorge Solis-Palma

Age: 28
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death:Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Jan. 4, 2010
Incident Location: Douglas, Az.

Shot and killed by a Border Patrol agent after reportedly throwing a rock and injuring an agent and his dog. Incident was captured on a surveillance camera.

 

2. Victor Santillan de la Cruz

Age: 36
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal Shooting
Incident Date: March 31, 2010
Incident Location: Laredo, TX

Shot and killed during a struggle with a Border Patrol agent.

3. Neil Begin

Age: 54
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: April 23, 2010
Incident Location: Near Van Buren, ME

Border Patrol Agent Robert Kipler, assigned to the Van Buren Station of the Houlton Sector, responded to a residence located just south of Van Buren, to back up a Maine State Trooper investigating an ongoing domestic dispute. Agents entered the residence with the State Trooper and confronted the subject [who] appeared to be holding a bolt-action rifle. The State Trooper and BP agent discharged their weapons at the subject. The subject was struck by some of the rounds fired, and collapsed to the floor. EMS arrived and transported the subject to a local hospital for emergency treatment and later transported by life-flight to a hospital in Bangor, Maine. The subject died the next morning. The Maine State Attorney General’s report later found that Agent Robert Kipler fired 14 shots, and Kipler fired the fatal shot. The AG also found the shooting to be justified.


4. Anastasio Hernandez Rojas


Age: 42
Nationality: Mexican, San Diego resident since age 18
Cause of Death: Tortured to death by CBP
Incident Date: May 28, 2010
Incident Location: San Diego, Ca.

Longtime San Diego resident; tortured to death by federal officers at a Border Patrol station as he resisted being deported.

Eyewitness videos:


5. Sergio Adrian Hernandez-Guereca


Age: 15
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: June 7, 2010
Incident Location:  El Paso, TX

Shot and killed by a Border Patrol agent after a group of suspected illegal immigrants reportedly threw rocks at agents at an international bridge. Guereca was on Mexican soil; the agent was 12 yards from the border on the U.S. side.

Eyewitness video:

 

6. Juan Mendez, Jr.

Age: 18
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Oct. 5, 2010
Incident Location: Eagle Pass, TX

Shot in the back twice and killed by a Border Patrol agent after being involved in a car chase. Mendez was stopped by the officer for driving with a “suspicious load” and took off running; he briefly struggled with the agent before the shooting.

 

2011

 

7. Ramses Barron Torres 


Age: 17
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Jan. 5, 2011
Incident Location: Nogales, Mexico

Shot and killed after allegedly throwing rocks at Border Patrol agents. Witnesses deny he threw rocks.DOJ stated in their press release closing their investigation that they reviewed surveillance videos, but videos have not been released publicly.

 

8. Roberto Pérez Pérez


Age: 63
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Lack of medical care after being beaten.
Incident Date: 1-13-2011
Incident Location: San Diego, CA

Beaten while in detention for trying to re-enter the U.S. and died due to lack of proper medical care.

 

9. Alex Martinez

Age: 30
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Feb. 27, 2011
Incident Location: Whatcom County, WA

Shot and killed by Border Patrol agents while allegedly swinging a hammer and smashing windows in his mobile home. Martinez had a history of mental problems.His brother says Martinez did not come out running and instead complied with commands to step out of the house. What officers believed to be a gun in his possession was in fact a flashlight.

 

10. Carlos Lamadrid


Age: 19
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: March 21, 2011
Incident Location: Douglas, AZ

Shot 3 times in the back and killed by a Border Patrol agent while fleeing across the border into Mexico, reportedly transporting marijuana. The agent was allegedly under attack by a rock thrower when he fired.

 

11. Amado Rodriguez

Age: 46
Nationality: Unknown, born in Sinaloa, Mexico
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: April 18, 2011
Incident Location: Fabens, TX

The Fabens Border Patrol Station was contacted by the El Paso Sheriff’s Office to provide backup for El Paso Sheriff’s deputies on scene. The El Paso Sheriff’s Office SWAT team also arrived on the scene. The El Paso Sheriff’s Department has conducted several investigations into the shooting, including an Internal Affairs investigation. The results of the investigations have not been released, but family members claimed in a new story that the Mr. Rodriguez, who has been in a wheelchair since age 17, was improperly shot by law enforcement agents responding to the scene.

 

12. Jose Alfredo Yañez Reyes


Age: 40
Nationaility: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: June 21, 2011
Incident Location: Tijuana, Mexico

Shot and killed while suspected of attempting to cross the border into the U.S. illegally. Agents claim suspected border crossers were throwing rocks; it’s unclear if Reyes was involved in the rock throwing.

 

13. Omar Olivares

Age: 28
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Sept. 15, 2011
Incident Location: Eagle Pass, TX

Off duty agent got into a shootout with his wife’s cousin. Wife’s cousin was killed at the scene. Agent died later at the hospital. It is unknown how the shooting started. According to EPPD approx. 36-38 rounds shot by both individuals. Olivares was shot approximately four times by the agent and the agent was shot seven times. Agent was transported to the Ft. Duncan Medical Center.

 

14. Gerardo Rico Lozano

Age: 20
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Nov. 3, 2011
Incident Location: Near Corpus Christi, TX

Shot and killed after allegedly driving at Border Patrol agents who pulled over his vehicle.

 

15. Byron Sosa Orellana


Age: 28
Nationality: Guatemalan
Cause of Death: Fatal Shooting,
Incident Date: Dec. 6, 2011
Incident Location: Near Sells, AZ

Shot and killed after allegedly assaulting an agent and police dog.

 

2012

16. Alexander Arthur Martin

Age: 34
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of death: Death in vehicle explosion
Incident Date: March 15, 2012
Incident Location: Near Campo, CA

Died in car explosion that may have been caused by Border Patrol tasers. Border Patrol officials chased Martin’s car after he began driving the wrong way down the highway.

 

17. Charles Robinson


Age: 75
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: June 23, 2012
Incident Location: Jackman, ME

Shot and killed by Border Patrol agents during a confrontation at his residence. Robinson was reportedly intoxicated and believed to be injured.

 

18. Juan Pablo Perez Santillán

Age: 30
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: 7-7-2012
Incident Location: Near Matamoros, Mexico

Shot and killed while standing on the banks of the Rio Grande. Border Patrol claims Perez Santillán was throwing rocks; witnesses in Mexico say he was unarmed.

 

19. Guillermo Arévalo Pedroza

Age: 36
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Sept. 3, 2012
Incident Location: Nuevo Laredo, México

Shot and killed while at a barbeque with his wife and daughters. Border patrol agents claim they were under attack from rock throwers on the Mexican side of the Rio Grande. A video of the shooting didn’t show any rock throwing.

Eyewitness video:

 

20. Valerie Munique Tachiquin-Alvarado


Age: 32
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Sept. 28, 2012
Incident Location: Chula Vista, CA

A plain-clothed Border Patrol agent shot and killed Tachiquin in a residential suburb of San Diego.  The agent alleged she had struck him and was carrying him on top of her car prompting him to fire in self defense. Witnesses tell conflicting stories. The border agent involved had a very troubling record when he worked as a sheriff’s deputy. The Imperial Valley Sheriff’s Department ultimately issued the agent a notice of termination for “unprofessional conduct, dishonesty, violation of or refusal to obey reasonable regulations, insubordination, violation of rules, incompetence and failure to follow proper procedures for arrest, search and seizure and treatment of persons in custody.”

21. José Antonio Elena Rodriguez


Age: 16
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Oct. 10, 2012
Incident Location: Nogales, Sonora

Shot multiple times in the back and killed after reportedly throwing rocks at U.S. Border Patrol agents.

 

22. Margarito Lopez Morelos

Age: 19
Nationality: Guatemalan
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Dec. 2, 2012
Incident Location: Baboquivari Mountains, AZ
Shot and killed after a struggle with a Border Patrol agent.

 

2013

23. Mathew Simmons

Age: 27
Nationality: U.S.
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: March 21, 2013
Incident Location: Otay Mesa Border

Agents drove up to a car on the side of road that appeared to have been in an accident. One of the agents checked the car license plate and determined it was a stolen vehicle. Simmons pulled a handgun on the three agents, shooting one of them in the hip. The agents responded with gunfire and killed him.

24. Ernesto Gutierrez Cortez

Age: 38
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Oct. 19, 2013
Incident Location: Otay Mesa, CA

Agent shot at suspect vehicle when the driver made a U-turn and drove directly at him. Driver sustained non-life threatening injuries.

25. Cruz Marcelino Velazquez

Age: 16
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Drank highly concentrated liquid methamphetamine at the request of CBP agents
Incident Date: November 18, 2013
Incident Location: San Ysidro Port, CA
Velazquez died from drinking a highly concentrated liquid methamphetamine  at the San Diego border crossing.

26. Steven Keith

Age: 58
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Died in custody
Incident Date: Dec. 25, 2013
Incident Location: Campo Border Patrol Station near San Diego, CA

Keith was arrested Christmas Eve at a border checkpoint on Interstate 8 after agents allegedly discovered drug paraphernalia and trace amounts of methamphetamine inside his vehicle. San Diego Sector Border Patrol officials said he was arrested for illegal possession of drugs and intent to distribute three pounds of marijuana. He was then taken to a holding cell at the Campo Border Patrol station. Six hours after his arrest, he was dead. Border Patrol officials say he became incoherent and unresponsive while in the cell. Border Patrol emergency medics administered CPR to the man and called paramedics.

2014

27. Keith J. Martin

Age: 35
Nationality: U.S. Citizen (born in Germany)
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Jan. 2, 2014
Incident Location: Near Hondo, TX

Border Patrol agent Adam S. Garibay, 33, is suspected of killing his wife’s lover, Keith J. Martin, 35. After beating and tying up his wife in Corpus Christi, Garibay drove to Martin’s home on a private road 3 miles north of Hondo, TX, and allegedly shot him to death.


28. Gabriel Sanchez Velazquez

Age: Late 20′s
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: Jan. 16, 2014
Incident Location: Near Apache and Portal, AZ
Man was part of a group Border Patrol was tracking. BP agents took two men into custody without incident, but a third fled and was eventually located “hiding under a mesquite bush” by a federal agent. Reportedly, the man struggled with the agent, attempting to get the federal officer’s weapon, she said. The BP agent, “fearing for his personal safety and potential serious injury, pulled his handgun and fired at the suspect.” The man was struck in the upper body area and “succumbed to his injuries at the scene. Cochise County Sheriff’s Office is leading the investigation.

29. Jesús Flores-Cruz

Age: 41
Nationality: Mexican
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: 2-18-2014
Incident Location: Otay Mountains, San Diego

According to San Diego Sheriff’s, two Border Patrol agents split up to cut off a group of three suspected undocumented immigrants. The two agents were out of sight of each other when one of the agents was struck in the face by a rock thrown by one of the suspects. Fearing for his safety, the agent fired his duty pistol at the man, striking him. The agent sustained minor injuries. Mexico condemns the shooting.

CBP issued the following statement
At 6:30 a.m. PST Tuesday, a Border Patrol agent on patrol on the Otay Mountain in San Diego, Calif., was assaulted by three individuals and struck in the head with a rock.  The agent discharged his service-issued weapon, resulting in the death of one individual.  The agent apprehended the two other individuals. CBP is fully cooperating with the investigation conducted by the FBI and the San Diego Sheriff’s Department.

 

30. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: March 10, 2014
Incident Location: Detroit, MI

An off-duty U.S. Border Patrol agent from California fatally shot a man in Detroit during a dispute that may have stemmed from a card game. The Detroit News and Detroit Free Press report the shooting took place outside a home about 2 a.m. Monday on the city’s east side. Deputy Chief Rodney Johnson says an argument between the agent’s cousin and another man moved outside the home and the other man brandished a gun from inside a vehicle. Johnson says the agent fired several shots at the other man, killing him.

May 30, 2014 – CBP releases PERF report and new Use of Force Handbook

31. Jose Luis Arambula

JoseLuisArambulaAge: 31
Nationality: USC
Cause of Death: Fatal shooting
Incident Date: May 30, 2014
Incident Location: Green Valley, AZ

Arambula, of Tucson, was shot killed in Green Valley Friday as he was fleeing border patrol agents. One of the agents, Daniel Marquez, fired multiple shots at Arambula, killing him, according to Pima County Sheriff’s Department. The other agent, whose name was not released, did not fire at the suspect. Incident is being investigated by the Sheriff’s Department after the FBI declined to investigate.[i]

BP statement:
At approximately 2:30 p.m. MST Friday, Border Patrol agents on patrol attempted to conduct a stop on a suspicious vehicle on Interstate 19 (I-19) near Green Valley, Arizona.  The vehicle’s driver failed to yield to the agent’s emergency lights and sirens and continued driving.  At the intersection of Abrego Drive and Camino Encanto, the driver stopped the vehicle and fled on foot.  Agents pursued the driver and during the encounter, an agent discharged his service issued weapon, resulting in the death of the driver.  Bundles of marijuana were located in the subject’s vehicle.  The Border Patrol is fully cooperating with the Pima County Sheriff’s Office – led investigation.

32. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Cause of Death: Unknown
Incident Date: October 17, 2014
Incident Location: U.S. Border Facility, Texas

Non-Lethal Cases of Border Brutality

1. Jesus Enrique Castro Romo


Age: 30
Nationality: Mexican
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Nov. 16, 2010
Incident Location:  Santa Cruz County, AZ

Survived shooting by a Border Patrol agent after crossing into the U.S. as part of a group of undocumented immigrants. The group decided to return to Mexico after seeing Border Patrol agents on horseback, but was then detected by patrol. Romo made a “short attempt to flee” but then stopped and surrendered. After he surrendered, Romo was hit by the agent and then shot.

2. Jose Gutierrez Guzman


Age: 41
Nationality: Mexican
Incident: Tased and beaten into a comatose state
Incident Date: March 30, 2011
Incident Location: San Luis Port of Entry, AZ

Longtime L.A. resident brought to the U.S. as a child; tased into a comatose state during an incident while being deported. Officers claim they tased him because he became combative but offered no evidence of this.

3.  Hugo Veytia-Quintero

Age: 47
Nationality: Mexican
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Sept. 25, 2011
Incident Location: San Diego port of entry, CA

Survived after being shot by CBP officials after pulling a fake gun and waving it into the air. Veyta-Quintero had walked through a pedestrian crossing turnstile to enter the U.S. from Mexico without stopping to be processed. CBP agents attempted to handcuff him when he pulled the fake gun out of his belt.

4. Miscarriage of Laura Mireles

Age: Mother age 32
Nationality: US
Cause of Miscarriage: Physical abuse
Incident Date: 11-5-2012
Incident Location: Brownsville, Texas

Laura Mireles was driving across the international bridge from Mexico to the US  when was she was stopped and questioned in a parking lot in the U.S. by a U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agent identified only in court documents as Riano. He questioned why she bypassed the x-ray machines for the vehicles when she crossed the border. According to federal court papers, she stayed 10-15 feet away from the agent and only inched closer to watch the agent search her purse. He threw her on the ground, leaned on her with his full weight and threatened  to hit her with an object. Mireles, who is also disabled and has visible malformations on her hands and feet, was handcuffed with such force that the fire department had to be called to remove them. That day she lost her unborn child.

5. Unknown

Age: unknown
Nationality: unknown
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Dec. 4, 2012
Incident Location: South of Gila Bend in Arizona

An unidentified man was shot and injured when Border Patrol agents reportedly checked out “possible bandit activity” and encountered “two armed men.”

6. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: 6-5-2013
Incident Location: Campo, CA

Agent shot at suspect vehicle when the driver made a U-turn and drove directly at him. Driver sustained non-life threatening injuries.

7. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Oct. 23, 2013
Incident Location: Laredo. TX

A Border Patrol agent shot and wounded two immigrants after he was assaulted.  According to a news article, agents came across a group of immigrants who had recently crossed the Rio Grande near a train yard along the river east of Laredo’s downtown. One of the agents was assaulted as he tried to apprehend the immigrants, and he opened fire, hitting two of them. An agent and two individuals were taken to a local hospital to be treated for injuries.

8.  Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Oct. 23, 2013
Incident Location: Laredo, Texas
Same incident described above.

 

9.  Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Incident: Survived shooting
Incident Date: Nov. 12, 2013
Incident Location: Chula Vista, CA

An off-duty U.S. Border Patrol agent opened fire on someone outside a South Bay pharmacy (Rite Aid), after which the targeted person fled in unknown condition. There was no immediate evidence that the gunfire wounded anyone, though the person the federal officer apparently shot at drove away immediately afterward and remained at large. It was unclear what led to the shooting. The involved agent remained at the scene and was being questioned by police.

10. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Unknown
Incident: Beaten
Incident Date: Jan. 13, 2014
Incident Location: Temecula, CA

A BP agent pulled over a van in Temecula, Calif. Two of the four men inside were in the country without authorization. BP said in a statement that, as the agent moved in to arrest one of the men, the man punched the agent. The agent then tried to subdue him with a Taser but the man continued resisting. The driver of the van took cell phone footage. BP’s statement doesn’t reflect the details in the video. The agent is kneeling over the shirtless man lying on the ground. Another man is holding on to the subject’s legs. The BP agent punches him repeatedly with short jabs.

Eyewitness video:

11. Mother, daughter and teen girls [Names not released]

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Honduran
Incident: Kidnapped and assualted
Incident Date: March 12, 2014
Incident Location: Near Abram, TX and Mission, TX

Texas border agent kidnapped, assaulted three illegal immigrants from Honduras before killing self. Esteban Manzanares, 32, was on duty when he came across the woman and two teens, who were attempting to cross the U.S.-Mexico border illegally. They were surrendering when Manzanares kidnapped and assaulted them before shooting himself.

 NOTE: BP agent commits suicide.

12. Mother, daughter and teen girls [Names not released]

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Honduran
Incident: Kidnapped and assualted
Incident Date: March 12, 2014
Incident Location: Near Abram, TX and Mission, TX

Same as above, teen daughter.

13. Mother, daughter and  teen girls [Names not released]

Age: Unknown
Nationality: Honduran
Incident: Kidnapped and assualted
Incident Date: March 12, 2014
Incident Location: Near Abram, TX and Mission, TX

Same as above, other teen.

14. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: USC/tribal member
Incident: Kidnapped and assualted
Incident Date: March 31, 2014
Incident Location: San Miguel, tribal port of entry on Tohono O’odham Nation (AZ)

According to KVOA, a U.S. Border Patrol agent working on the Tohono O’odham Indian Nation opened fire after a U.S. citizen tried to ram him with a truck.The incident began about 12:15 a.m., near the San Miguel Gate. The agent was standing outside his marked vehicle when the driver of the truck charged at him. The agent opened fire, injuring two of the three people in the truck. The injured tribal members were transported to a local hospital. The agent did not sustain life-threatening injuries and is on paid administrative leave, which is standard in cases where agents fire their weapons.

15. Unknown

Age: Unknown
Nationality: USC/tribal member
Incident: Kidnapped and assualted
Incident Date: March 31, 2014
Incident Location: San Miguel, tribal port of entry on Tohono O’odham Nation (AZ)

Same incident described above.


 

QUICK ANALYSIS

  • Since January 2010, at least 31 individuals have died as the result of an encounter with CBP officials (this figure includes the deaths reported by The Arizona Republic in a Dec. 13, 2013). At least 29 deaths resulted from the use of lethal force; one person died after not receiving adequate medical attention and, according to the medical examiner, another died accidentally by ingesting a packet of drugs that ruptured in his system.
  • In addition, since January 2010, at least 14 individuals have been seriously injured after an encounter with CBP.
  • The Arizona Republic (in their Dec. 13, 2013 story) noted that42 individuals have been killed by Border Patrol agents since Feb. 2005 and, “In none of the 42 deaths is any agent or officer publicly known to have faced consequences — not from the Border Patrol, not from Customs and Border Protection or Homeland Security, not from the Department of Justice, and not, ultimately, from criminal or civil courts.”) (http://www.azcentral.com/news/politics/articles/20131212arizona-border-patrol-deadly-force-investigation.html). Twelve days after the story was published, an individual died in CBP custody and, in 2014, three more individuals were killed by Border Patrol agents, bringing the total to 46.
  • At least 12 of the individuals who have died since January 2010 were U.S. citizens (Az Republic counts 13 fatalities of US citizens between 2005-2013)
  • In three of the above cases (incident in Detroit, Omar Olivares and Keith Martin), it appears Border Patrol agent was off-duty.
  • Four of the individuals who have died were in a moving vehicle when their car was shot at or Tasered. One victim was a U.S. citizen, 32-year-old mother of five. Two tribal members were shot and injured in a moving vehicle in 2014.
  • In at least four of the above cases, BP agents were responding to a back-up request by local law enforcement officials (e.g., a domestic dispute, request for interpretation, or handling a subject who is under psychological duress).
  • In at least 9 of the fatalities, CBP allege individuals were throwing rocks
  • One death was BP agent Nicholas Ivie, who was shot to death by “friendly fire”. Another death, not counted above, was a BP agent who committed suicide after raping a woman, her daughter and another teen.
  • Other analysis:

Screen Shot 2014-08-04 at 11.02.40 AM

NOTE: In 2013, there was an unconfirmed report in one of the incidents that occurred on Oct. 23 that the group was throwing rocks. In addition, since very few details have been released about several of the incidents in 2013 and 2014, it is unclear whether or not more individuals were U.S. citizens or citizens of another country.


U.S. States Where BP Agent Was Standing in Fatal Incidents 

Screen Shot 2014-08-04 at 11.04.48 AM